Forschung Naturtherapie

Spätestens seit Bekanntwerden der japanischen Waldtherapie-Forschung kommt der Natur in Fachkreisen vermehrt die Bedeutung einer potenziell heilsamen Umgebung zu. Die positiven Effekte von Natur-Aufenthalten auf die seelisch-geistige Gesundheit – insbesondere bei Ängsten, Stress und Depressionen – sind dabei seit langem gut belegt (Meta-Analysen z.B. bei BFW, 2014; Bowler et al., 2010; Capaldi et al., 2015; Hartig et al., 2014; IEEP, 2016 und Maller et al., 2006).

Im letzten Jahrzehnt hat sich die empirische Forschung zur Wirksamkeit naturbasierter Therapien ebenfalls rasant entwickelt (s.a. Chalquist, 2009; Gebhard, 2013; Louv, 2012; Pretty et al., 2005).

In der folgenden Liste finden Sie Studien aus beiden Bereichen. Sie wird laufend ergänzt und erhebt keinen Anspruch auf Vollständigkeit.

Forschungs-Literatur zur Wirkung von Naturaufenthalten und -therapien:

Alcock, I., White, M.P., Wheeler, B.W., Fleming, L.E. & Depledge, M.H. (2014). Longitudinal effects on mental health of moving to greener and less green urban areas. Environmental Science & Technology, 48 (2), 1247-1255.

Annerstedt, M. & Währborg, P. (2011). Nature-assisted therapy: Systematic review of controlled and observational studies. Scandinavian journal of public health, 39(4), 371-388.

Beyer, K., Kaltenbach, A., Szabo, A., Bogar, S., Nieto, F.J. & Malecki, K.M. (2014). Exposure to neighborhood green space and mental health. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 11 (3), 3453-3472.

BFW Bundesforschungszentrum für Wald (2014). Zur Gesundheitswirkung von Waldlandschaften. http://bfw.ac.at/050/pdf/BFW_Bericht147_2014_GreenPublicHealth.pdf

Bögeholz, S. (1999). Qualitäten primärer Naturerfahrungen und ihr Zusammenhang mit Umweltwissen und Umwelthandeln. Opladen: Leske und Budrich.

Bowler, D.E., Buyung-Ali, L.M., Knight, T.M. & Pullin, A.S. (2010).  A systematic review of evidence for the added benefits to health of exposure to natural environments. BMC Public Health, 10, 456.

Capaldi, C. A., Passmore, H.-A., Nisbet, E. K., Zelenski, J. M., & Dopko, R. L. (2015). Flourishing in nature: A review of the benefits of connecting with nature and its application as a wellbeing intervention. International Journal of Wellbeing, 5(4), 1-16.

Chalquist, C. (2009). A look at the ecotherapy research evidence. Ecopsychology, 1(2), 64-74.

Charles, C. & Louv, R. (2009). Children’s Nature Deficit: What We Know – and Don’t Know. https://www.childrenandnature.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/04/CNNEvidenceoftheDeficit.pdf

Clatworthy, J., Hinds, J. & Camic, P. (2013). Gardening as a Mental Health Intervention: A Review. Mental Health Review Journal, 18 (4), 214–225.

Donovan, G.H., Butry, D.T., Michael, Y.l., Prestemon, J.P., Liebhold, A.M., Gatziolis, D. & Mao, M.Y. (2013). The relationship between trees and human health evidence from the spread of the emerald ashborer. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 44(2), 139-145.

Eisenman, D., McCaffrey, S., Donatello, I., Marshal, G. (2015). An Ecosystems and Vulnerable Populations Perspective on Solastalgia and Psychological Distress After a Wildfire. EcoHealth, 12 (4), 602–610.

Ellison, M. & Hatcher, T. (2007). Wilderness solitude and transformational change: Implications for the workplace. http://www.ufhrd.co.uk/wordpress/wp-content/uploads/2008/06/elli-54-fp.pdf

Gruebner, O., Rapp, M.A., Adli, M., Kluge, U., Galea, S. & Heinz, A. (2017). Risiko für psychische Erkrankungen in Städten. Deutsches Ärzteblatt, 114 (8), 121-127.

Haddad, L., Schäfer, A., Streit, F., Lederbogen, F., Grimm, O., Wüst, S., Deuschle, M., Kirsch, P., Tost, H. & Meyer-Lindenberg, A. (2015). Brain Structure Correlates of Urban Upbringing, an Environmental Risk Factor for Schizophrenia. Schizophrenia Bulletin, 41 (1), 115–122.

Hartig, T., Mitchell, R., de Vries, S. & Frumkin, H. (2014). Nature and health. Annual Review of Public Health, 35, 207-228.

Hendryx, M. & Innes-Wimsatt, K.A. (2013). Increased Risk of Depression for People Living in Coal Mining Areas of Central Appalachia. Ecopsychology, 5 (3), 179–187.

IEEP Institute for European Environmental Policy (2016). The Health and Social Benefits of Nature and Biodiversity Protection. https://ieep.eu/uploads/articles/attachments/186ec59d-e7db-4d5e-a566-85f8f965a457/Health_and_Social_Benefits_of_Nature_-_Final_Report_Main_sent.pdf

Illers, H. (2017). Die heilende Wirkung einer tiefen Naturverbindung und ihre Bedeutung für die Psychotherapie. Masterarbeit, Hochschule für Gesundheit und Medizin, Medical School Berlin. https://www.pan-praxis.de/naturtherapie-heilwirkung-naturverbindung.

Kamioka, H., Tsutani, K., Yamada, M., Park, H., Okuizumi, H., Honda, T., Okada, S., Park, S.J., Kitayuguchi, J., Abe, T., Handa, S. & Mutoh, Y. (2014). Effectiveness of horticultural therapy: A Systematic Review of Randomized Controlled Trials. Complementary Therapies in Medicine, 22 (5), 930–943.

Kaplan, R. & Kaplan, S. (1989). The experience of nature: a psychological perspective. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Kaplan, S. (1995). The restorative benefits of nature: Toward an integrative framework. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 15, 169-182.

Kim, W., Lim, S.-K., Chung, E.-J. & Woo, J.-M. (2009). The effect of cognitive behavior therapy-based psychotherapy applied in a forest environment on physiological changes and remission of major depressive disorder. Psychiatry investigation, 6(4), 245-254.

Lancet Commission (2015). Health and climate change: policy responses to protect public health. Lancet, 386 (10006), 1861-1914.

Lederbogen, F., Kirsch, P., Haddad, L., Streit, F., Tost, H., Schuch, P., Wüst, S., Pruessner, J.C., Rietschel, M., Deuschle, M. & Meyer-Lindenberg, A.  (2011). City living and urban upbringing affect neural social stress processing in humans. Nature, 474, 498-501.

Li, Q., Kobayashi, M. & Kawada, T. (2008). Relationships between percentage of forest coverage and standardized mortality ratios (SMR) of cancers in all prefectures in Japan. The Open Public Health Journal, 1, 1-7.

Maas, J., Verheij, R.A., de Vries, S., Spreeuwenberg, P., Schellevis, F.G. & Groenewegen, P.P. (2009). Morbidity is related to a green living environment. Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health, 63 (12), 967-973.

Maller, C., Townsend, M., Pryor, A., Brown, P. & St Leger, L. (2006). Healthy nature healthy people: ‘contact with nature’ as an upstream health promotion intervention for populations. Health Promotion International, 21(1), 45–54.

Markevych, I., Thiering, E., Fuertes, E., Sugiri, D., Berdel, D., Koletzko, S., von Berg, A., Bauer, C.P. & Heinrich, J. (2014). A cross-sectional analysis of the effects of residential greenness on blood pressure in 10-year old children: results from the GINIplus and LISAplus studies. BMC Public Health, 14, 477.

McKinney, B.L. (2011). Therapist’s Perceptions of Walk and Talk Therapy: A Grounded Study. University of New Orleans, Theses and Dissertations, Paper 1375. https://scholarworks.uno.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?referer=&httpsredir=1&article=2381&context=td.

MIND (2013). Feel better outside, feel better inside: Ecotherapy for mental wellbeing, resilience and recovery. https://www.mind.org.uk/media/336359/Feel-better-outside-feel-better-inside-report.pdf

Naor, L. & Mayseless, O. (2017). How Personal Transformation Occurs Following a Single Peak Experience in Nature: A Phenomenological Account.  Journal of Humanistic Psychology, 1-24.

Nutsford, D., Pearson, A.L. & Kingham, S. (2013). An ecological study investigating the association between access to urban green space and mental health. Public Health, 127(11), 1005-1011.

Pretty, J., Peacock, J., Sellens, M. & Griffin, M. (2005). The Mental and Physical Health Outcomes of Green Exercise. International Journal of Environmental Health Research, 15(5), 319-337.

Roe, J., Thompson, C.W., Aspinall, P.A., Brewer, M.J., Duff, E.I., Miller, D., Mitchell, R. & Clow, A. (2013). Green Space and Stress: Evidence from Cortisol Measures in Deprived Urban Communities. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 10(9), 4086–4103.

Stigsdotter, U.K., Ekholm, O., Schipperijn, J., Toftager, M., Kamper-Jørgensen, F. & Randrup, T.B. (2010). Health promoting outdoor environments – associations between green space, and health, health-related quality of life and stress based on a Danish national representative survey. Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, 38 (4), 411-417.

Ulrich, R. (1983). Aesthetic and affective response to natural environment. In I. Altman & J. Wohlwill (Eds.), Human Behavior and Environment, Vol. 1.6, Behavior and Natural Environment (pp. 85-125). New York: Plenum.

Ulrich, R. (1984). View through a window may influence recovery from surgery. Science, 224, 420-421.